The most widespread descendant of Greek is the Latin scriptnamed for the Latinsa central Italian people who came to dominate Europe with the rise of Rome.
So the writing, when it was first discovered in the 19th century, was called cuneiform from the Latin word cuneus, wedge—wedge-shaped writing. The earliest inscriptions which are identifiably Maya date to the 3rd century BC, and writing was in continuous use until shortly after the arrival of the Spanish conquistadores in the 16th century AD.
This alphabet gave rise to the Aramaic and Greek alphabets. Stuart Blackton was an Anglo-American filmmaker, co-founder of the Vitagraph Studios and one of the first to use animation in his films.
Sumerian was a language with large numbers of monosyllabic words, and since it was based on an agglutinative principle, very often monosyllabic words were strung together to create more complex words, or prefixes and suffixes were put on those basic words to express mood or tense for a verb, or number or gender for a noun or adjective.
After first writing right to left, like the Phoenicians, the Greeks eventually chose to write from left to right.
So, you see where the original power of those pictograms—those, in effect, pictures—could be applied to express more complicated concepts. And therefore, they had to create dictionaries and bilingual inscriptions and texts and vocabularies in order to learn this unfamiliar language, and it is through those types of documents that the structure of Sumerian was finally determined.
Max Planck Society Each Monday, this column turns a page in history to explore the discoveries, events and people that continue to affect the history being made today. They could also then take that concept and the invention of writing animation it a bit further. The pictures were often traced from live-action films much like the later rotoscoping technique.
McCay hand-drew almost every one of the 10, drawings he used for the film. The penthe printing pressthe computer and the mobile phone are all technological developments which have altered what is written, and the medium through which the written word is produced.
Cuneiform is written by pressing a wedge-shaped stylus into wet clay. Once again, the English example would be sun and son; what you do is you take a picture of the sun and you use it to represent the human. In the latter case there is this peculiarity, that plaster siclime or gypsum was used along with stone, a combination of materials which is illustrated by comparison of the practice of the Egyptian engravers, who, having first carefully smoothed the stone, filled up the faulty places with gypsum or cement, in order to obtain a perfectly uniform surface on which to execute their engravings.
Arthur Melbourne-Cooper[ edit ] Arthur Melbourne-Cooper was a British filmmaker who did much pioneering work in stop motion animation. A homophone would be a word that sounds alike and is spelled differently, such as the word sun for the sun in the sky, or son, the male human.
When memory failed When ancient Mesopotamians started settling down onto farms surrounding the first cities, life became a bit more complicated. Mesoamerican writing systems A stone slab with 3,year-old writing, the Cascajal Blockwas discovered in the Mexican state of Veracruz, and is an example of the oldest script in the Western Hemisphere, preceding the oldest Zapotec writing dated to about BC.
Written communication can also be delivered with minimal time delay e-mailSMSand in some cases, with an imperceptible time delay instant messaging. Stuart Blackton[ edit ] J.
He produced over films between andof which an estimated 36 were all or in part animated. This raises the obvious question—how do we read it in the first place?
Greek is in turn the source for all the modern scripts of Europe. These projectors were intended for the same type of "home entertainment" toy market that most of these manufacturers already provided with praxinoscopes and toy magic lanterns. Several varieties of the Greek alphabet developed. Humans had been speaking for a couple hundred thousand years before they got the inspiration or nerve to mark their ideas down for posterity.
As the papyrus, being in great demand, and exported to all parts of the world, became very costly, other materials were often used instead of it, among which is mentioned leather, a few leather mills of an early period having been found in the tombs.
The film was created by drawing each frame on paper and then shooting each frame onto negative filmwhich gave the picture a blackboard look. It shows Blackton doing some "lightning sketches" of a face, cigars, a bottle of wine and a glass. At the same time Arabic and Persian began a slow decline in importance as the Islamic Golden Age ended.
Others place it atduring the beginning of World War I. Soon other toy manufacturers, including Ernst Plank and Georges Carette, sold similar devices.
Writing seems to have become more widespread with the invention of papyrus in Egypt. Here, again, we were lucky in that Sumerian, being the first language to be committed to writing, became the religious language of the urban-based civilization of Mesopotamia, so later peoples who came to rule over this area or came under the influence of the Sumerians, adopted Sumerian as a literary and religious language and, therefore, they had to learn it.
Renaissance and the modern era[ edit ] By the 14th century a rebirth, or renaissancehad emerged in Western Europe, leading to a temporary revival of the importance of Greek, and a slow revival of Latin as a significant literary language.
That level of writing is probably only attained in Sumer about B. The rise of Islam in the 7th century led to the rapid rise of Arabic as a major literary language in the region.The Invention of Writing in China OE 42 (/01) 3 demonstrate any kind of relation except that of a fortuitous correspondence of shapes.
Writing, Socrates complained, can't answer questions the way a real live human being can. If you ask a piece of paper something, all it can do is. The first examples of writing were pictograms used by temple officials to keep track of the inflows and outflows of the city's grain and animal stores.
The history of writing traces the development of expressing language by letters or other marks and also the studies and descriptions of these developments. The oldest surviving literary texts date from a full millennium after the invention of writing to the late 3rd millennium BC.
Writing, the original IT: This lecture covers the limitations and obstacles of aural transmission. It describes the invention of Cuneiform in the fertile crescent. Chapter 1 – The Invention of Writing Introduction, 6 Prehistoric visual communication, 7 The cradle of civilization, 8 The earliest writing, 9 Mesopotamian visual identification, 12 Egyptian hieroglyphs, 12 Papyrus and writing, 16 The first illustrated manuscripts,Download