Pteridophytic distribution and diversity of tirumala

Materials and Methods Various field visits were organized during to different parts of Tirumala Hills along with expert Pteridologists. They show wide range of diversity in habitat, morphology, anatomical reproductive structures etc. There is great need for advanced research that may helps in identifying some more species of ferns.

It comprises seven hills which are said to represent the seven hoods of Adisesha, thus earning the name, Seshachalam. Members of Isoetaceae and Ophioglossaceae grow mixed with grasses and over shadowed by them.

The Tirumala Hill is feet above sea level, and is about SmithPapavinasana Theertham Microsorium scoloperndrium burn. Tell us what you need to have done now! Two species of Lygodium are the only climbing ferns in which fronds helps in twining. LChandragiriRice fields and also in the pond situated near Mahal Results And Discussions The diverse habitats and cool, humid climatic conditions of Tirumala hills allow a rich fern flora.

This is useful for resource management, conservation of fern diversity at genetic, species and ecosystem levels and socioeconomic development of the region. Pteridophytic flora of Tirumala hills exhibit wide range of ecological groups like epiphytic, climbingarborealxerophytic, hydrophytic, lithophytic nature.

These are non-seed vascular plants which reproduce through spores. Marsellia, Azolla and Ceratopteris are aquatic ferns in which Azolla species are used as biofertillizer in Paddy fields due to its nitrogen fixing capability.

Cythea glabra has arborescent caudex with large herbaceous fronds. Extensive straggling leaves entangled with other leaves and form almost impenetrable thickets in Dicranopteris linearis.

Few of them like Lycopodium, Cheilanthes and Actinopteris are used in Homeopathic medicine. The herbarium specimens are deposited with the Department of Botany, N.

The various species were photographed, collected and preserved in the form of herbarium-specimens. Angiopteris evects Hoff is a large sized tree fern. Nephrolepis cordifolia grows on dripping rocks and almost all species of Selaginella grow on moist rocks in shaded situations.

We now report 35 species of 25 genera belonging to 19 famillies and are listed in Table-I along with localities of occurrence. The present study reveals the distribution and diversity of pteridophytes in different parts of Tirumala Hills. They show transition from simple microphylls to complex macrophylls called fronds.

Their life cycle includes two chlorophyllous, autotrophic, independent phases namely dominant sporophyte and short lived gametophyte called prothallus.

Majority of the genera of ferns i.

Pteridophytic Distribution and Diversity of Tirumala Hills, Eastern Ghats

Actinopteris and Cheilanthes are xerophytic ferns grow well on exposed dry places along forest marzins and Road sides.highly variable climate has a rich diversity of its flora and Pteridophytic flora greatly contributes to its diversity. Pteridophytes also form an interesting Diversity, Distribution and Conservation Vineet Kumar Rawat and P.

Satyanarayana of diversity of pteridophytes on all India basis. Diversity, Distribution Pattern and Threat Status of Pteridophytic Flora in Shikari Devi Wildlife Sanctuary, Himachal Pradesh, India. DIVERSITY, DISTRIBUTION AND CONSERVATION PRIORITIES FOR PTERIDOPHYTIC FLORA OF RANCHI AND LATEHAR DISTRICT OF JHARKHAND, INDIA Malay Bharti and Ram Pravesh Bio-diversity Unexplored Minerals.

Diversity, Distribution Pattern and Threat Status of Pteridophytic Flora in Shikari Devi Wildlife Sanctuary, Himachal Pradesh, India The Protected Area (PA) is one of. Pteridophytic Distribution and Diversity of Tirumala Hills, Eastern Ghats.

PTERIDOPHYTIC DISTRIBUTION AND DIVERSITY OF TIRUMALA HILLS (EASTERN GHATS) S.K.*, E. RAJYALAKSHMI, P. UMA MAHESHWARI [email protected], [email protected], [email. Key Words: Pteridophytes – Distribution – Diversity – Tirumala Hills Tiruumala is located near the holy city of Tirupati in Chittoor District of Andhra Pradesh State, South India.

The geographical coordinates at which it is situated is between latitude 13° and 14° North and longitude 17° East.

Pteridophytic distribution and diversity of tirumala
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