Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Louis consulted widely with his nobles and ministersand he met weekly with members of his high council. In addition, most of the princes refused to deal with Mazarin, who went into exile for a number of years.
France still maintained a strong influence in the West Indies, and in India maintained five trading posts, leaving opportunities for disputes and power-play with Great Britain. To this end he allied himself with his cousin Charles II of England and invaded the Netherlands in Viewed suspiciously as traitors, they were placed under tight house arrest upon their return to the Tuileries.
Despite this, he still hoped to avoid war. His fear of being manipulated by her for imperial purposes caused him to behave coldly towards her in public.
He viewed himself as the direct representative of God, endowed with a divine right to wield the absolute power of the monarchy. Colbert also died, leaving the way free for the bellicose Louvois. Moreover, he eventually realized his dream of seeing a Bourbon on the Spanish throne.
He intended to Louis xiv of france as an absolute monarch, believing that his power as king was derived from God and that he was responsible to God alone.
Like his mother and father, he thought that the Austrians were treacherous and the Prussians were overly ambitious. He was wheeled to the throne room or carried to his carriage.
Thus, the funds of the Liste Civilevoted annually by the National Assemblywere partially assigned to secret expenses in order to preserve the monarchy. He was viewed as an idol who would collapse under the blows of ill fortune, but the opposite occurred.
These trials shaped the future character, behaviour, and mode of thought of the young king. The king energetically devoted himself to building new residences. Unlike that which preceded it, tales of sordid intrigue and half-hearted warfare characterized this second phase of upper-class insurrection.
Following these two events the Girondins could no longer keep the king from trial. Eventually a broken arm put an end to his vigorous horseback riding, and gout ended his long walks around Versailles.
Roughly 1 million Huguenots lived in France at the time, and many were artisans or other types of skilled workers. Early in he signed a formal Treaty of Allianceand later that year France went to war with Britain. Granting non-Roman Catholics — Huguenots and Lutheransas well as Jews — civil and legal status in France and the legal right to practice their faiths, this edict effectively nullified the Edict of Fontainebleau that had been law for years.
Despite his victories and conquests, France lost her primacy under him. AfterGreat Britain switched its focus to the West Indiesas defending the sugar islands was considered more important than trying to recover the thirteen colonies. Again this failed, so Louis convoked the Assembly of Notables in to discuss a revolutionary new fiscal reform proposed by Calonne.
The resulting war lasted from to This had not occurred since the reign of Henry IV. From that time until his death, Mazarin was in charge of foreign and financial policy without the daily supervision of Anne, who was no longer regent.
The principal taxes included the aides and douanes both customs dutiesthe gabelle a tax on saltand the taille a tax on land. France and Spain planned to invade the British Isles themselves with the Armada ofbut the operation never went ahead.
Versailles was approximately the price of a modern airport; it was an object of universal admiration and enhanced French prestige.
Zenith and decline The Sun King was at his zenith. Louis was stripped of all of his titles and honours, and from this date was known as Citoyen Louis Capet.
Relations with the major colonies[ edit ] Louis and his family portrayed as Roman gods in a painting by Jean Nocret. While Louis assumed responsibility for decision making, he understood that he must rule within the constraints of the laws and customs of his kingdom.
The Fronde thus gradually lost steam and ended inwhen Mazarin returned triumphantly from exile.Louis XIV married his cousin (on both sides) Maria-Theresa of Austria, the Spanish Infanta, at Saint-Jean-de-Luz in Their marriage sealed the reconciliation between France and neighbouring Spain.
Louis XIV, also popularly known as the Sun King (5 September –1 September ) was the King of France and King of Navarre from 14 May until his death. He was a king for 72 years. He was a king for 72 years.
Watch video · Follow King Louis XIV's reign during France's classical age, including his revocation of the Edict of Nantes and aggressive foreign policy, on mint-body.com The reign of France’s Louis XIV (), known as the Sun King, lasted for 72 years, longer than that of any other known European sovereign.
In. Louis XIV: Louis XIV, king of France (–) who ruled his country during one of its most brilliant periods and who remains the symbol of absolute monarchy of the classical age.
He extended France’s eastern borders at the expense of the Habsburgs and secured the Spanish throne for his grandson. Louis XVI (French pronunciation: ; 23 August – 21 January ), born Louis-Auguste, was the last King of France before the fall of the monarchy during the French Revolution.
He was referred to as Citizen Louis Capet .Download