Both have 30 edges. This presentation is meant to demonstrate some examples of the analysis that resulted in the second-power equations, and then suggest a physical electrostatic mechanism that might be acting.
All we get is an ejected gamma ray, as in this example with technetium: The actual reason these are different is that they have different numbers of Excess Migrating Electrons from each other.
But the Strong Nuclear Force has never had any theoretical basis of existence, except for the fact that it "must" exist to counteract the mutual electrostatic repulsion of the protons.
These atoms all have FIVE Excess Migrating Electrons in their nuclei, or what would have traditionally been said to have been "five more neutrons than protons". You can see that this value is shown at the end of their graph line.
But it certainly is NOT used up, and in fact, the energy accounting is impressively accurate in emitting radiation of exactly the amount of the mass difference of the initial and final nuclei. This balance keeps the atom electrically neutral. The fact that there does not seem to be any contribution in the total atomic weight for either the known neutron-internal-binding energy or any equivalent energy equivalent for neutrinos, seems to bring new questions into the picture.
These transformations are called radioactive decay, and isotopes and elements like carbon that undergo such decay are called radioactive. While we know that the strong nuclear interaction is governed by the theory of Quantum Chromodynamics, the QGP exhibits remarkable, non-intuitive behaviors which are not evident just from this fundamental theory.
The centers of neutron stars are expected to reach the highest particle densities in the universe, so it is possible that neutron stars harbor quark matter in their inner cores.
Stars like the Sun are powered by the fusion of four protons into a helium nucleus, two positronsand two neutrinos. With less than 11 electron-Volts available from Tritium decay, it is hard to see how a neutrino could be emitted from that specific Beta decay, or how it could have any energy related to motion.
It will be clear that the concept would apply to all nuclei that are more complex, although there are some slight variations that will be discussed.
This actually agrees with a long-known fact which seems to have never troubled anyone before.
Chain reactions were known in chemistry before physics, and in fact many familiar processes like fires and chemical explosions are chemical chain reactions.
But it has long been known that none of the heaviest nuclei ever decay by emitting a neutron! For atomic weight families of even atomic weights, there are two additional small factors, both of which seem to be electrostatic two-symmetry preference effects, which will be discussed below, which add some consistent wiggles in the graphs.
My studies during the past several years have suggested the possibility that simple electrostatic attraction and repulsion of protons and electrons inside the nucleus might describe everything that is detected in experiments. This situation suggests that the electrons, if described as moving, would need to traverse a cycle of three segments, or around 2.
Unlike the quantum theory of electromagnetism, Quantum Chromodynamics has the property that the fundamental particles quarks and gluons interact more and more weakly when probed at higher and higher energy scales or temperatures.
Predictions of the half-life or stability of isotopes seem very reliable. Just as you may spontaneously decide to let the box drop to the floor and come out of your handstand, atomic nuclei in high-energy states may spontaneously rearrange themselves to arrive at more stable low-energy states.Nuclear fission was used in the original atomic bomb, and is the kind of reaction harnessed in nuclear power plants.
To produce nuclear fission, neutrons are made to bombard the nuclei of heavy elements—often uranium—and thus to split the heavy nucleus in two, releasing energy in the process.
Stewardship of the field is shared with the National Science Foundation (NSF's) Nuclear Physics Program. DOE and NSF fund almost all basic research in Nuclear Physics. Funding for nuclear physics provides leading-edge instrumentation, world-class facilities, and training and support for the people involved in these pursuits.
Nuclear Physics Nuclear Physics comprises the study of: Nuclear reactions induced by neutron bombardment are used: a) In analytical techniques such as neutron activation analysis b) In the generation of energy by Fission or Fusion.
The realm of atomic and nuclear physics Nuclear physics is the field of physics that studies the building blocks and interactions of atomic nuclei.
Atomic physics (or atom physics) is the field of physics that studies atoms as an isolated system of electrons and an atomic nucleus. It is primarily concerned with the arrangement of electrons around. The Nuclear Physics Theory group focuses its research efforts on the QCD analysis of hard scattering, production and suppression of quarkonia, spin physics in QCD, non-perturbative approaches to QCD, and low and intermediate energy nuclear structure and reactions.
Experimental Nuclear Physics Research Modern experimental research in this field uses high-energy acceleration of both protons and large nuclei, while much of modern theoretical research relies on high powered computational facilities to understand data and make detailed predictions.Download